Jacksonville Miner Gains Fame by Enriching Others


Thursday, July 12, 2018


Sharon Bywater


3 479

In 1854, James Sterling and a partner dipped a sluicing pan into Sterling Creek near Jacksonville, Ore., and captured some gold nuggets.  The two men agreed to keep their discovery secret until they could stake their claims.

Their pact didn’t last long.  Sterling’s partner revealed the secret to a friend, and Sterling, still innocently dreaming of his fortune, stopped on his way home at a local tavern for a drink.  Some say that beer loosened his tongue, and he, too, gave away the gold’s location.  The news spread quickly.  

By the time Sterling went back to stake his claim, it was too late. A crowd of eager miners, including his erstwhile partner, had staked claims up and down the creek, leaving Sterling with nothing.

Sterling never profited from the mining area that became one of the richest in Southern Oregon.  But he did get credit for discovering it.  The creek, the mine, the old town of Sterlingville, and Sterling Ditch, which brought more water into the creek for sluicing gold, are all named after James Sterling.


Works cited:  Haines, Francis D., and Vern S. Smith. Gold on Sterling Creek: A Century of Placer Mining. Medford, Ore., Gandee Printing Center, Inc., 1964; Plymale, W.J. “Discovery of Sterling Mine.” Mail Tribune [Medford, Ore.], 27 Nov., 1903, p. 1.


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